EUROPEAN UNION : The BRATISLAVA SUMMIT aimed to remind European foundation principles : peace, prosperity and solidarity. It concluded with the signature of a 6-month action plan to boost homeland security, granting a « flexible solidarity » option to Zchek Republic, Poland, Slovenia and Hungary (areas where tensions on migrants policies are the highest)
COLOMBIA : a peace agreement in between the government and the FARC army was signed. Update : the referendum results of the 2nd of October showed that the Colombian population rejected this peace agreement at 50,24%. Colombian President Juan Manuel Santos stated that he would not give up to seek peace despite these results. For more info : The Guardian – colombia-referendum-rejects-peace-deal-with-farc
ISRAEL : Shimon Peres died at the age of 93. He won the Nobel peace prize in 1994 for his actions for peace in the Middle East. He was one of the Israel’s founding fathers. For more info : Biography – Nobel Prizes – Shimon Peres
UK : Theresa May, conservative Prime Minister, states that the article 50 to officially start the Brexit process will be implemented by March 2017, so the UK is out of the EU by 2019. Jeremy Corbyn won the Britain’s Labour Party elections for the second time.
USA : First presidential debate in between Hillary Clinton and Donald Trump.
GABON : Despite contested results by his opponent Jean Ping, Ali Bongo is re-elected President. He is President since 2009 and succeeded to his father Omar Bongo.
TUNISIA : Youssef Chahed forms the 9th government since the Jasime revolution in 2011. His priority will be to promote and boost Tunisian economy.
German company Bayer (chemistry and phytosanitary sector) buys the multinational Monsanto (agrochemicals and seed development) for $66 billion. This fusion is source of controversy as it might tend to create a worldwide monopoly for agricultural seed supplies.
OPEC members agreed to lower production of about 700.000 barrels/day in order to face price crisis. This decision is heavy in significations as this is only the 3rd time the OPEC officially influence the market (after the oil shock of 1973 and 1986). It is also an agreement relying on two opposing countries : Saudi Arabia (sunnite side) Iran (shiite side). For more info : NewYork Times – OPEC agrees to cut production